the science of wellness

what Cannibidiol (CBD) is

CBD is a non-intoxicating phytocannibinoid that is a naturally occurring compound that is found in the hemp plant.

 

The endocannabinoid system

The body’s endocannibinoid system (eCS) is responsible for maintaining homeostasis through a system of Cannabinoid receptors through the body. Depending on the individual’s discomfort, the eCS works by monitoring to the information passed by the receptors and responding in a way that works toward homeostasis. CBD enhances the efforts of the endocannabinoid system by binding with certain targeted receptors which boosts the effects of the cannabinoids on the body.

The main Cannabinoid receptors, CB1 & CB2 are found on the surface of cells and communicate information about changing conditions inside of the cell.

  • CB1 receptors are found primarily in the brain and central nervous system
  • CB2 receptors are found primarily throughout the immune system and places outside the brain such as the gut, liver, kidney, among others.

How CBD Enhances the EndoCannabinoid System

Unlike THC, CBD does not bind to the CB1 and CB2 receptors. Instead, it enhances the efforts of the eCS by stimulating activity in the receptors without actually binding to them. This results in changes within any cells that contain either receptor. Because CB1 and CB2 receptors are present throughout the body, the effects of CBD are systemic.

According to Project CBD, research has also shown that CBD counteracts the psychoactive effects of THC by inhibiting its effects on CB1 receptors.

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COMMON TERMS AND DEFINITIONS

Broad Spectrum

Broad spectrum products contain a variety of cannabinoids and terpenes but are free of THC. Broad Spectrum products have gone through additional processing to isolate and remove THC, while still maintaining the other cannabinoids and terpenes.

Cannabis

Cannabis is a flowering plant, also known as hemp, which has a variety of different medical and household uses. Cannabis has long been used for hemp fiber, hemp seeds and their oils, hemp leaves for use as vegetables and as juice, medicinal purposes, and as a recreational drug.

CBD

Cannabidiol. One of the 120+ phytocannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. As of 2018, preliminary clinical research on cannabidiol included studies of anxiety, cognition, movement disorders, and pain.

Cannabinoid

A class of chemical compounds that acts on cannabinoid receptors in cells that alter neurotransmitter release in the brain.

Endocannabinoids

Any chemical produced by the body that stimulates receptors for Cannabis sativa in the central nervous system.

Endocannabinoid System

A system in the body made of up endocannabinoids and cannabinoid receptors, which help regulate many of our most basic functions like sleep and appetite and maintain homeostasis.

FDA

The Food and Drug Administration is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.

Full Spectrum

Full spectrum CBD (also known as “whole plant”) contains more plant material in the extract, such as terpenes and other cannabinoids such as CBG, CBN and trace amounts of THC. Full spectrum CBD benefits from the “entourage effect” which is where the array of cannabinoids and terpenes are working together to produce a more synergistic effect.

GMP

Good Manufacturing Practices are the practices required in order to conform to the guidelines recommended by agencies to ensure that products are made in the cleanest conditions.

Isolate

Isolate CBD is truly the isolated extract of CBD only, with no other compounds found in the plant.

Photocannabinoids

Cannabinoids that occur naturally in plants.

Synthetic Cannabinoids

Cannabinoids produced in a laboratory

Terpenes

A large and diverse class of organic compounds, produced by a variety of plants, particularly conifers, and by some insects. They often have a strong odor and may protect the plants that produce them by deterring herbivores and by attracting predators and parasites of herbivores.

THC

Tetrahydrocannabinol is one of many cannabinoids identified in cannabis and is the principal psychoactive constituent of cannabis.

Tincture

Oil-based liquid that can be taken sublingually (under the tongue).

USDA

United States Department of Agriculture is responsible for developing and executing federal laws related to farming, forestry, and food.